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What is the difference between PVDF and PTFE?

What is the difference between PVDF and PTFE?

Aug 23,2023

PTFE (Polytetrafluoroethylene) and PVDF (Polyvinylidene fluoride) are both types of fluoropolymers, but they have different properties and applications due to their distinct chemical structures and characteristics. Here are some key differences between PTFE and PVDF:

Chemical Composition:

PTFE is a fully fluorinated polymer composed of carbon and fluorine atoms, with a repeating unit of -CF2-CF2-. It has a high level of fluorine content, which contributes to its exceptional chemical resistance and non-stick properties.

PVDF contains both fluorine and hydrogen atoms in its repeating unit (-CH2-CF2-), resulting in a slightly lower fluorine content compared to PTFE.

Physical Properties:

PTFE is known for its extremely low coefficient of friction, which makes it an excellent non-stick material. It has a very high melting point and is chemically inert, making it suitable for high-temperature and chemically aggressive environments.

PVDF has good chemical resistance, but it also has excellent mechanical properties, making it more suitable for applications where both chemical resistance and mechanical strength are required.

Electrical Properties:

PVDF is often used for its piezoelectric and pyroelectric properties, making it useful in sensors and transducers.

PTFE is an excellent electrical insulator due to its high dielectric strength and low dielectric constant. It's often used in electrical insulation applications.


PTFE is commonly used in applications that require non-stick surfaces, such as cookware coatings, gaskets, and bearings. It's also used as an electrical insulator and in various sealing applications.

PVDF is used in a range of applications including chemical processing, oil and gas, electrical wiring, medical tubing, and architectural coatings. Its combination of chemical resistance and mechanical strength makes it versatile.

Processing Methods:

PTFE is known for being difficult to process due to its high melting point and unique properties. It is often processed using methods like compression molding or ram extrusion.

PVDF is easier to process using standard plastics processing methods like injection molding, extrusion, and machining.

In summary, while both PTFE and PVDF are fluoropolymers with excellent properties, they have distinct characteristics that make them more suitable for specific applications. PTFE is known for its non-stick properties and electrical insulation capabilities, while PVDF offers a balance between chemical resistance, mechanical strength, and electrical properties.

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